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nasal congestion causes treatment remedies and prognosis

nasal congestion causes treatment remedies and prognosis
nasal congestion causes treatment remedies and prognosis

Nasal congestion occurs when the blood vessels and mucous membranes in the sinuses and nasal passages become inflamed. While mild congestion often resolves on its own, a variety of treatments and home remedies can help.

The medical term for inflammation of the sinuses and nasal cavity is "sinusitis" and many of the problems that cause congestion have this name. They include:

Infectious sinusitis: Viruses from the common cold or upper respiratory infections cause infectious sinusitis.
Allergic sinusitis: This inflammation is caused by allergens or environmental irritants.
Seasonal Allergic Sinusitis: This condition, also called seasonal allergies, is diagnosed by a doctor when inflammation is in response to pollen from trees, grasses, and grasses that are most abundant in the spring and fall.
Perennial Allergic Sinusitis - This includes allergens that are present throughout the year, such as mold, animal dander, dust mites, and cockroach remains.
Non-allergic sinusitis - This inflammation is due to irritants in the air, such as smoke, chemicals, and pollution.
People with impaired immune function, possibly from HIV or diabetes, or who are receiving chemotherapy, may be especially vulnerable to congestion caused by infection.

In other cases, nasal congestion is not a response to a pathogen, irritation, or allergic reaction. Instead, the reason could include:

Body position: Lying down makes it difficult for the body to clear mucus, so people with reduced mobility may be more prone to congestion.
Structural problems within the sinuses: These may include polyps, a deviated septum, narrowing of the tubes, tumors, or an extra sinus.
Health conditions that reduce mucosal transmission: Some examples include cystic fibrosis and a gallbladder disorder called biliary dyskinesia.
People with a deviated septum can experience particularly severe congestion. The septum is a thin wall that separates the left and right airways. The deviation means the wall is tilted to one side, which can make it difficult to breathe through a nostril, even without allergies or a stuffy cold.

What Causes Nasal Congestion?

You may think that your stuffy nose is caused by mucus that is too thick. However, nasal congestion is usually caused by inflammation of the tissues that line the nose.

This swelling occurs when blood vessels in the nasal tissues expand to carry immune response cells to the nose to fight the virus that has entered the body.

Causes of nasal congestion include:

virus. Often times, viruses that cause colds or flu enter the body directly through the nose. Once there, it begins to multiply within the lining of the nasal passages. The body's response to infection leads to inflammation that causes nasal congestion.
Sensitivity. If you suffer from any allergies, your nose may often bother you. Certain triggers, such as dust, pollen, and pet dander, can cause an allergic response, causing the nasal tissue to swell and lead to nasal congestion.

What is the duration of nasal congestion?
If your nasal congestion is caused by a cold or the flu, the congestion is likely to last as long as the cold or flu lasts (five to 10 days) or even longer. If your nasal congestion is caused by allergies, it may last longer, depending on your exposure to the specific allergen.

How to treat the symptoms of nasal congestion.
When you have a stuffy nose, you can stop it in your own way. Constant inhalation or breathing through your mouth can make it difficult to focus on the day before. While there is no cure for a stuffy nose caused by a cold or flu, you can treat the symptoms until you feel better while your body rid itself of the cold or flu virus.

Many over-the-counter cold and flu medications treat various symptoms. Be sure to identify any other symptoms you may experience with nasal congestion, if any, so that you can choose the right product for your condition.

Nasal decongestant medications
Nasal congestion from a cold or flu
Because nasal congestion is the result of inflammation of the nasal passages, medications that shrink inflamed tissues can help. Over-the-counter topical nasal decongestants, such as oxymetazoline, relieve nasal congestion by shrinking the inflamed linings (or "mucous membranes") of the nose through a process called "vasoconstriction" (constriction of the blood vessels). The contraction of this tissue opens the airways, which reduces resistance and improves air flow.

Nasal congestion from allergies.
Year-round allergies can cause more nasal congestion than you would like. Sinex Saline Ultra Fine Nasal Mist instantly cleanses your nasal passages of allergens, dusts and irritants and helps relieve congestion in the nose containing pure saline. It is safe for daily use and safe to use with prescription drugs and other over-the-counter drugs.

Home remedies to treat nasal congestion
Home treatment should focus on keeping the nasal passages and sinuses moist to avoid further irritation. Here are some ways to keep your nostrils moist:

Use a humidifier or vaporizer. Adding moisture to the air can prevent dryness and nasal congestion. You can also stay in a hot bath or place your face over a bowl of hot water with a cap on your head to loosen the mucus in your nose.

Drink lots of fluids. You need fluids to keep mucus thin and to support your immune system. Avoid drinking alcohol and caffeinated beverages, such as coffee or soda, as they can exacerbate dehydration.

How to prevent the spread of nasal congestion due to the cold or the flu
The best way to avoid nasal congestion is to take preventative measures against the cold and flu viruses that cause nasal congestion. You can do this primarily by practicing good hygiene. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, and if soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Also, clean frequently touched surfaces, such as door handles and light switches, and avoid close contact with sick people.


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